As part of the Maritime Silk Road, the island of Ternate was an established anchor point for a wide range of cultures long before Europeans arrived. Thanks to its geographical and climatic coordinates, the island is one of the few places in the world that is home to the Myristica Fragrans and the Caryophyllus Aromaticus, the fruits of which we know as nutmeg and clove. Their trade shaped Ternate’s destiny for many centuries, so much so that the region around the island came to be known as the ‘Spice Islands’.
With an area of around 111 km², Ternate is a rather small island, but densely populated and with a lot of sights. Reflecting its turbulent history, the ruins of old fortifications left behind by the Portuguese, Spaniards and Dutch can be explored. The spice plantations of nutmeg, cinnamon and cloves on the slopes of the volcanic mountain Gamalama evoke times long past and provide wonderful shady viewpoints of the magical island world.
Attractions of Ternate
Island Portrait of Ternate
As an important trading centre for centuries, Ternate has attracted people from far and wide. Quite a few of those visitors stayed and today the island continues to play a central role in the region. Thanks to its proximity to Manado, Sulawesi, and its good transport links, Ternate is the main gateway to the province of North Maluku.
Picturesque Crater Lakes
Picturesque crater lakes, waiting to be explored.
Fortresses on Ternate Island
Built in colonial times to control the spice trade in the region, are to be found the remains of some old fortifications that the Spaniards, Portuguese and Dutch have left behind. Their fragile charm is a reminder of turbulent times and the enormous importance the spice islands once had.
The Little Sultanate Ternate
The Sultanate of Ternate is one of the oldest sultanates in Indonesia and Ternate’s Royal Family still plays a major role in island life today. However, the kingdom is currently without a ruler as the successor of Sultan Mudaffar Sjah, who died in 2015, has yet to be decided.
Dream Beaches and Snorkelling Paradises
Nestling in small bays with crystal clear water, Ternate’s predominantly dark sandy beaches are inviting for swimming and snorkelling and offer great island views.
Ternate’s Picnic Locations: Always With a View
Ternate may not be the biggest of islands, but it is not lacking impressive picnic locations.
The Volcanic Local Mountain: Mt. Gamalama
Ternate’s mountain, Gunung Gamalama, is actually a stratovolcano rising from the sea that over time formed the island. The Gamalama is an active volcano and signs of earlier volcanic activities can be seen on the island.
Mosques on Ternate
Although a large number of different ethnic groups are located here, the muslim faith is predominant on Ternate and there are numerous places of worship, in particular mosques, to serve the faithful.
Ternate: Island of Spirituality
Even though Islam plays a central role, everyday life on the island is often accompanied by traditional spiritual traditions.
Cengkeh Afo – The oldest Clove Tree
As the island which gave origin to the clove, numerous clove plantations can still be found on Ternate. Three of the world’s oldest clove trees, known locally as Cengkeh Afo, are hidden in one of the slopes of the Gamalama. This trio miraculously survived the deforestation carried out by the Dutch East India Company in an attempt to enforce their monopoly on cloves in the region.
Everyday Island Life on Ternate
Ternate is densely populated and its streets are very busy, which gives the island a bustling feel not found in the rest of the North Moluccas. Little market stalls are an important part of the street scene.
Ternate’s Wonderful Views
Away from the hustle and bustle of the island’s capital, especially on the slopes of the Gamalama, there are always wonderful views to be savoured.
Journey to Ternate
Singapur – Manado (Sulawesi) – Ternate –> SilkAir 3 ½ hrs. + among others Garuda, Wings 45 min.
Singapur – Makassar (Sulawesi) – Ternate –> SilkAir 3 hrs. + among others Garuda, LionAir 1 ¾ hrs.
Jakarta (Java) – Ternate –> among others Garuda, LionAir, Batik 4 hrs.
Bitung (Sulawesi) – Bastiong (Ternate) –> 18 hrs.
Jailolo (Halmahera) – Mangga Dua (Ternate) –> 60 min.
Sofifi (Halmahera) – Mangga Dua (Ternate) –> 45 min.
Rum (Tidore) – Mangga Dua (Ternate) –> 10 min.